Hacking tools developed by CIA (Vault 7) has been exposed by WikiLeaks on a regular basis since early 2017. These leaks are a part of Vault 7 leaks, which have witnessed tons of hacking tools that target different operating systems with different attack vectors. In this series, WikiLeaks has exposed CIA’s Imperial project.
The Imperial project contains information regarding this hacking tools. While Achilles and SeaPea target Apple’s macOS operating system, Aeris targets Linux-based systems.
Let’s tell you about these Linux and macOS hacking tools one by one:
1. Aeris 2.1 – Hacking Tools Developed By CIA
Aeris, named after Final Fantasy VII’s Aeris Gainsborough, is an implant designed to infect Linux-based systems. It’s an automated implant written in C that supports numerous POSIX-based systems. The supported platforms are:
- Debian Linux 7 (i386)
- Debian Linux 7 (amd64)
- Debian Linux 7 (ARM)
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 (i386)
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 (amd64)
- Solaris 11 (i386)
- Solaris 11 (SPARC)
- FreeBSD 8 (i386)
- FreeBSD 8 (amd64)
- CentOS 5.3 (i386)
- CentOS 5.7 (i386)
This highlight features of Aeris are configurable beacon interval, standalone HTTPS LS support, SMTP protocol support, TLS encrypted communications, automated file exfiltration, structured C&C, and compatibility with NOD cryptographic specification.
The distribution of Aeris Linux malware takes place with a set of Python utilities with one binary per platforms listed above.
Find detailed information: Aeris
Achilles malware comes with the capability to inject trojans into a macOS installer, i.e., a DMG file, for a one-time execution.
Achilles has been tested in Intel processors running OS 10.6. The brief instruction manual of Achilles tells that the malicious DMG file should behave like the original DMG file. After the user runs the infected file, the payload will be installed and later removed. This way, the malware tried to erase its footprints and avoid suspicion.
Find Achilles user guide: Achilles
SeaPea is a macOS toolkit that comes with stealth and tool launching features. It’s also able to hide files, socket connections, and processes on the infected systems. CIA has tested the SeaPea malware on OS X 10.6 and 10.7 operating systems.
The SeaPea toolkit operates by assigning the processes to one of the 3 different categories: Normal, Elite, and Super-Elite. All the commands in SeaPea are run as an Elite process.
Find SeaPea user guide: SeaPea